9.B.4. Hellenistic Sculptures, Museum

More sculptures unearthed from the Nymphaeum (grottoes) of Herodes Atticus, a rich Greek aristocrat and served as a Roman senator. All made from Parian marble which was highly prized by ancient Greeks for making sculptures quarried from the island of Paros in the Aegean Sea.

My photo.

9.B.2. Nike of Paionios, Museum

Looking at this statue does not give me a clue at what is going on. But this must have been important to the Olympians that it has a room of its own at the sculptures section of the museum.

To be honest I just walked in the room and took pictures. It was broken into pieces and just restored. It was lacking face, neck, forearms, part of left leg, toes and some fragments of drapery. It also had wings. So, when I developed my Greece adventure photos I had to do research about Nike of Paionios.

Nike is the Greek goddess of victory and her Parian marble figure is flying landing gently on her left foot, with the drapery blown against her body. It originally stood near the temple of Zeus. Deep inside I said to myself, Wow!

As I mentioned in earlier posts when looking at statues, reliefs (a sculpture in which figures or designs are raised or elevated from a background), frieze (wood carvings, rock and metal work carvings) … Ask yourself, is what I’m looking at a form of Movement or Passive (statue)? Keep it in mind. Makes it simple in understanding various forms of art. Thanks to our Greek tour guide.

I say movement.

My photo.
Research source: Museum of Classical Archaeology, Cambridge

9.B.1. Hermes and the Infant Dionysus Sculpture


One of the highlights of the museum is Hermes and the Infant Dionysus, also called Hermes of Praxiteles. Praxiteles is the sculptor who was the first to sculpt the nude female form in a life-size statue. Discovered in the ruins of the Temple of Hera, Olympia.

But what is special about this sculpture? I wonder. First, it’s made of Parian marble; the anatomy of the body is accurate in its form and the sheen reveals the tone in the skin, cloth, sandals and hair.

My photo had too much light where I couldn’t capture the definition of Hermes carrying the child, Dionysus in his arm in a twisted pose.

Photo attributed to Wikipedia.

PS. I learned this fact from our tour guide. Looking at Greek, Roman sculptures, paintings, carvings, etc. You’ll need to ask yourself. Is the subject showing 1) Movement/Action or 2) Passive – lacking immobility, just a pose. What do you think?

9.A.7. Gorgon Has A Name


Learned that the term gorgon refers to any of three sisters (Stheno, Euryale and Medusa) who had hair made of living, venomous snakes, that turned those who beheld her appearance to stone. I’m getting less scared of gargoyles and gorgons even how horrible and dreadful they are.

This shield decoration of a Gorgon head with serpents, lion’s legs, and a dragon tail. So, oould be any of those names above.

My photo.

9.A.6. Gorgon

As a young child I was fascinated with Greek mythology. I read books, watched TV & movies about Greek gods like Zeus, Hermes, the messenger god (one of my favorite movie is “Jason and the Golden Fleece”, where Jason is a grand-son of Hermes), Hera, Athena, etc. and other related creatures like Medusa (in fact, this is Gianni Versace’s fashion symbol), the satyr (you know, from “Percy Jackson and the Olympian” movie series), the Centaur (seen in “The Chronicles of Narnia” movie series) and the “Demogorgon” (you know, from the Netflix show, Stranger Things) and so, so, much more. Therefore, Greek mythology narrative is still alive in this generation.

This photo is a shield bronze ornament depicting a gorgon, the dreadful female creature, with three revolving wings whose purpose is to frighten people.

My photo.

P.S. Just remembered the faun creature in the movie “Pan’s Labyrinth” directed by Guillermo del Torro. Okay, I do enjoy this genre.